Sensor network simulation and analysis

 Introduction  You are given a scenario based on Wireless Sensor Network to simulate using Network  Simulator 3 (NS-3) OR Matlab environment. You need to set up the network using appropriate  topology, and select appropriate protocol layers for the application given, and generate data  points for variables as per the instructions below. Each data point must be an average of five  simulations.  Coursework specifications: You can choose option I or II Option I  A. Create a grid of sensor nodes  B. Incorporate appropriate values for initial energy level at the nodes; appropriate  combination of static and mobile nodes  C. Choose appropriate topology, and run the simulation for ANY TWO of the protocols:  Flooding, AODV, and LEACH; Use the simulation run time of 20.  D. Evaluate and compare the performance of the routing protocols by measuring ONE  OF THE COMBINATIONS given below of the following network parameters over a  period of time.  i. Throughput  ii. PDF  iii. End-to-end delay  iv. Energy consumption at node/network level  v. Remaining energy of the sink vs. simulation time  COMBINATIONS: (i and iii), (i and iv), (i and v), (ii and iii), (ii and iv), (ii and v), and  (iv and v)  E. Evaluate the performance of WSN in terms of the parameters given in section E against  the variable ‘network size’ (ranging from 10, 50, 100 etc. nodes or similar ratio) of which  10% of the nodes are mobile (choose your own mobility patterns).  Option II  A. Create a grid of sensor nodes; Use 100 nodes to start with.  B. Incorporate appropriate values for initial energy level at the nodes; appropriate  combination of static and mobile nodes  C. Choose appropriate topology, and run the simulation for LEACH protocol; Use the  number of rounds as 100 to start with.  D. Evaluate and compare the performance of the routing protocol by measuring the  following network parameters over a range of ‘number of rounds’.  vi. Throughput (Number of packets received by the BS)  vii. Number of dead nodes  viii. Energy consumption at node/network level  E. Evaluate the performance of WSN in terms of the parameters given in section D  against the variable ‘network size’ (100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 nodes) of which 10%  of the nodes are mobile (choose your own mobility patterns).  F. Evaluate each of the network size for a range of ‘number of rounds’ (100, 300, 500,  800 and 1000). You will need to discuss the network behaviour and the rational in detail  in your report. Assessment and Feedback  Assessment of the CW is via submission of a written report by 9th May 2021. A written feedback  will be provided by 4th June 2021. This is an individual assessment.  Marking Scheme: The marking scheme for the CW is given in the following table. 

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